Sports has a long history in the deaf community. The football huddle was invented at Gallaudet in 1894. There are:
- Deaf sports organizations at multiple levels - international, national, regional and state level, and teams.
- Deaf athletic competitions
- Deaf sport media sources
- Deaf celebrity athletes
- Deaf athletes in history
- Books on deaf sport
Deaf Sport Umbrella OrganizationsInternational
International organizations are multi-country, and coordinate athletic competitions. Two umbrella organizations are:
- International Committee of Sports for the Deaf, or
Comité International des Sports des Sourds (CISS) - Organizes the international Deaflympics competition. The Deaflympics has four regional organizations:
- European Deaf Sport Association - Membership includes Turkey, Russia, Germany, Greece, etc. The EDSO.net website has general information, history, and representatives.
- Pan American Deaf Sports Federation - For deaf athletes in North and South America, and holds the Pan American Deaf Games.
- Confederation of African Deaf Sports - For African countries.
- Asia Pacific Deaf Sports Federation - For countries in Asia.
A few examples of other national organizations include:
- Australia - Deaf Sports Australia. DSA sponsors the Australian Deaf Games.
- Canada - Canadian Deaf Sports Association oversees several sport organizations.
At the regional level, within the United States, there are several organizations such as the Farwest Athletic Association of the Deaf, and the Midwest Athletic Association of the Deaf. Australia has state-level organizations, e.g., the Tasmania Deaf Sports Federation. Canada has provincial-level organizations such as the Ontario Deaf Sports Association.
Team organizations usually are for particular sports, such as USA Deaf Basketball, Canadian Deaf Bowling Association, and the Australian Deaf Golf Association.
Sports media sourcesDeaf sports news can be found in sources such as DeafNation.com, where Deaflympics videos can be viewed. (Deafnation also sponsors competitions such as a Golf Classic.)
Deaf Youth SportsThere are even deaf sports competitions for the younger generation. Two of them are the Panamerican Games for Deaf Youth and Deaf Youth Sports Festival. The Panamerican Games for Deaf Youth are part of the regional Pan American Deaf Games. The Deaf Youth Sports Festival brings together hundreds of deaf students from many schools and programs to compete.
Deaf Celebrity AthletesSome deaf athletes become better known than others. Some of the best known modern deaf athletes are:
Deaf Athletes in HistorySports history includes professional deaf athletes. One of the best known ones is Dummy Hoy.
Deaf College SportsAt the National Technical Institute for the Deaf in Rochester, New York, there is a deaf basketball association, and the RIT Center for Intercollegiate Athletics and Recreation/NTID website lists deaf athletes by year, offers movies, and has information on the annual RIT/Gally weekend athletic competitions.
Gallaudet University has many athletic options, including football. In 2005, the Gallaudet football team had its first unbeaten season.
Books about Deaf SportVery few books have been published about deaf sports. Two known books are:
- Deaf Sport: The Impact of Sports Within the Deaf Community (compare prices) - Focuses on the cultural aspect of deaf sports.
- Winning Sounds Like This: A Season with the Women's Basketball Team at Gallaudet, the World's Only University for the Deaf (compare prices)
Signs for Deaf SportThe Captioned Media Program has a tape, "Technical Signs: Sports 1," #2920 in their catalog.
Deaf Sport Archival MaterialsA search of the Gallaudet University library catalog turned up some interesting items for researchers of deaf sport:
- Back issues of Deaf Sports Review.
- Out of print publications like The Sports Parade.
- Programs for past international competitions.
Created on 11/11/05